The law of increasing opportunity cost explains why the shape of the production possibilities curve is: bowed out (concave) from the origin of the graph. However, using those resources for the original good was more profitable for the company. Law increasing opportunity cost, all resources are not equally suited to producing both goods. a. Because it is desirable, sunshine is scarce (tf), Because it is limited polio is scarce (tf), Because water covers 3/4 of the earths surface and is renewable it cannot be considered scarce (tf), The main cost of going to college is tuition, room and board, If mass transportation fares are raised, almost everyone will take the trains anyway, If someone makes an economic gain someone else loses, If one nation produces everything better than another nation, there is no economic reason for these two nations to trade, A non regulated monopoly tends to charge the highest possible price, The primary economic problem facing all individuals families businesses and nations is the, There simply are not enough resources to satisfy the unlimited wants for, Consuming or producing more of one thing means consuming or producing, The opportunity cost of using scarce resources for one thing instead of something else is often represented in graphical form as, A nations production possibilities curve shows how many units of two goods or services the nation can produce in one year if it, The opportunity cost of increasing production of good A from 0 units to 1 unit is the loss of ____ units of good B, The opportunity cost of increasing production of good A from 1 unit to 2 units is the loss of ____ unit of good B, The opportunity cost of increasing production of good A from 2 units to 3 units is the loss of ____ unit of good B, This is an example of _____ opportunity cost per unit for good A, The opportunity cost of increasing production of Good A from 0 units to 1 unit is the loss of ____ units of good B, The opportunity cost of increasing production of good A from 1 unit to 2 units is the loss of ___ units of good B, The opportunity cost of increasing production of good A from 2 units to 3 units is the loss of ___ units of good B, This is an example of ____ opportunity cost per unit for good A, The law of increasing opportunity cost explains why the typical PPC is, The country currently operates at point A and produces 75 million units of civilian goods and 2 million units of, if the country decides to increase its military provision to 3 million units it must give up only ______ units in civilian goods because, if costica decides it must continue to increase its military production, the opportunity cost of doing so increases because now, it is more difficult to convert other factories to military production, resources are not equally well suited to the, the opportunity cost of increasing military output from 6 million units to 7 million units has increased to 15 million units in, this increasing opportunity cost is reflected in the steeper slope of the PPC as the country produces more, over time, most countries see an increase in their ability to, this "economic growth" is shown as an outward shift of the PPC and results from a variety of factors, including improved, technology better education and the discovery of new resources, voluntary trade between two individuals or two countries occurs if both parties feel that they will, producers have an incentive to make products for which they have a lower opportunity cost than, when both producers specialize according to their ___________ they increase the total amount of goods and services that are available for consumption, to determine who has a comparative advantage in producing a particular item we need to calculate each producers, the way we calculate opportunity cost depends on how the, there are two ways to measure productivity, we can calculate the quantity of output produced from a, we can measure the amount of inputs necessary to create, ted has an __________ in the production of both radios and wheat because he uses fewer resources to produce each item than does nancy, to find the opportunity cost of producing one radio, the amount of resources it takes to produce a radio goes above, the amount of resources that it takes to produce a bushel of wheat, because nancy has the lower opportunity cost of producing radios means she has the ________ of radios, the output method gives data on the amount of output that can be, the differences in opportunity costs define the limits of a trade in which both parties will, consumer surplus is the value a consumer receives from the purchase of a good in excess of the price paid for the, consumer surplus is the difference between the amount a person is willing and able to pay for a unit of the good and the actual price, when you shift supply curve to the left it is, all other things held constant which of the following would not cause a change in the supply of beef, falling oil prices have caused a sharp decrease in the supply of oil. 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